Grade Level Expectations

Grade Level Expectations

AN OVERVIEW OF THE K-6 WASHINGTON STATE GRADE LEVEL EXPECTATIONS

IN MATH, SCIENCE, READING, AND WRITING

 

 

Math

Science

Reading

Writing

K

(click here for link to state web info.)

In kindergarten, students begin developing the concept of number by counting, representing and ordering, combining, sorting, and comparing sets of objects.  They understand addition as putting sets together.  In describing and identifying objects based on attributes and recognizing and describing simple repeating patterns, students develop a beginning sense of geometry and algebra.  They also develop an understanding of the relationship between data and picture representations of the data.

Students begin their scientific inquiry. They understand that scientists observe carefully and ask questions. Students develop the skills of observing, sorting, and identifying parts and begin using scientific tools to understand the natural world.

Essential Question:

How do we (as scientists) explore and observe our natural world?

Investigative Skills:

Exploring, observing, and sorting

 

In kindergarten, students understand and apply concepts of print, phonological and phonemic awareness, they expand their oral language skills and gain meaningful vocabulary for reading.  Students demonstrate comprehension by participating in a variety of responses when listening to or viewing informational and literary text.  They are interested in a variety of books.

 

In kindergarten, students use pictures and print to convey meaning. They realize that ideas and thoughts are communicated in symbols. Students learn to form letters and show increasing knowledge of letters, sounds, and patterns. They copy signs, labels, names, and words in environmental print. They draft simple sentences, often with the same structure repeated within a piece or used in several pieces. As they choose to write for their own satisfaction, much of their writing will be about themselves, their families, pets, and friends.

 


 

 

 

Math

Science

Reading

Writing

Gr. 1

(click here for link to state web info.)

In first grade, students count, sort, and compare sets, understanding the relative values of numbers.  Students understand subtraction as separating or undoing addition and expand their understanding of number through application of basic addition and subtraction facts.  Students read a clock, work with two-dimensional figures and use nonstandard units to measure.  They also develop their understanding of statistics by organizing and interpreting data.  They recognize and describe simple repeating and growing patterns to develop their algebraic sense. 

Students learn to find patterns and ask their own questions about their natural world, both living and non-living. For example, students may learn to ask, “What do plant and animals need to live?”; “Why does weather change?”; and “How is weather measured?” Students develop skills with sorting, describing, comparing, and recording their observations.

Essential Question:

How do we ask questions about the natural world?

Investigative Skills   

Asking questions,

observing,

describing,

comparing, and

finding patterns

In first grade, students apply concepts of print, phonological and phonemic awareness, oral language skills, and phonics.  They continue to expand their reading vocabulary and demonstrate comprehension by participating in a variety of responses.  Students choose and read a variety of books for pleasure.

 

In first grade, students are able to develop an idea or item of information beyond one sentence, adding some details of description or explanation.  Simple sentences are sequenced with some logical development. Students use some prewriting strategies with support from the teacher. Although phonetic spelling is common, there is a marked increase in the number of words spelled accurately, and students demonstrate an awareness of some spelling patterns. As understanding of revising and editing develops, students reread what they write, and the clarity and accuracy of writing increases. Conventions of punctuation, directionality, spacing, and letter formation ensure work is legible.

 


 

 

Math

Science

Reading

Writing

Gr. 2

(click here for link to state web info.)

In second grade, students expand their understanding of number to include three-digit numbers.  They continue to gain proficiency in the basic addition and subtraction facts and expand concepts in measurement, using procedures to find measures (time, weight).  By interpreting and creating picture and bar graphs, students further develop their early understanding of statistics.  Students also work with a variety of patterns and use symbols to describe numerical relationships. 

Students expand their investigation skills. They use their prior knowledge to begin making predictions and finding patterns based on careful observation. A second grade student will look at and examine more closely the natural world by classifying based on properties and describing characteristics of living and nonliving things. They begin to look for patterns in the natural world.

Essential Question:

How do we find patterns within the natural world?

Investigative Skills   

Predicting, classifying, and describing in detail

In second grade, students become fluent as readers and apply comprehension and vocabulary strategies to a wide variety of literary and informational text.  They demonstrate comprehension by participating in discussions, writing responses, and using evidence from text to support their thinking.  Reading for pleasure continues to be an enjoyable habit.

 

In second grade, students make significant progress as they move from single-idea and patterned sentences to more detailed and sequential text, often including more than one event or descriptive element. Students demonstrate a considered approach to their writing by planning purposefully and working toward accuracy and effectiveness by making some conscious word choices. Sentence structures are varied within a single piece of writing. Students write in a variety of forms, including nonfiction, while maintaining the basic conventions of writing. Students notice mistakes while rereading and revise by adding details.

 


 

 

 

Math

Science

Reading

Writing

Gr. 3

(click here for link to state web info.)

In third grade, students develop their fluency with addition and subtraction, while beginning to understand multiplication and division as repeated addition and subtraction, respectively.  Students use standard units of measure for temperature, length, liquid volume, and weight.  Students gain a broader understanding of geometry by identifying properties of shapes and line segments.  Algebraic sense grows through their understanding of equality and by identifying missing numbers in addition and subtraction expressions and equations. 

 

Students begin to explore more complex systems and make inferences about their observations. Students are developing an understanding of systems and are able to identify individual parts and how they work together. In order to understand how the connections between the parts interact, students begin to manipulate one part and look for a change in the system. For example, students may study a system of plant growth by observing what happens to plant growth under different light conditions.

Essential Question:

How do we use our

understanding of

patterns

and connections

interdependence) to

describe systems in

our natural world?

Investigative Skills:

Inferring, analyzing, and quantifying observations

In third grade, students select and combine skills to read fluently with meaning and purpose.  They apply comprehension and vocabulary strategies to a wider variety of literary genres and informational text.  Students demonstrate comprehension by participating in discussions, writing responses, and using evidence from text to support their thinking.  They read for pleasure and choose books based on personal preference, topic, or author.

 

In third grade, students are writing longer texts, especially narratives. They embed their ideas in time and place and develop characters through detail and dialogue. Students organize around a central idea and elaborate using complete sentences. Their writing is often divided into sections through paragraphing or book parts (e.g., tables of contents, chapters). Information gathering as part of the planning process is common, and students are becoming more selective about vocabulary, especially when writing informational texts. They listen to others’ writing, offer feedback, and begin to consider suggestions from others about their own writing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Gr. 4

(click here for link to state web info.)

Math

In fourth grade, students become proficient with multiplication and division of whole numbers, while developing an understanding of fractions and decimals.  In measurement, they develop an understanding of area.  The concept of probability as chance is developed and fourth graders continue to expand their understanding of statistics using graphing and measures of central tendency.  Students refine their estimation skills for computation and measurement and develop an understanding of the relationships between and among two-dimensional (plane) figures.  They graph points in the first quadrant on a coordinate plane and extend and duplicate patterns.  Students recognize a geometric transformation, such as a reflection (flip) and a translation (slide).

Science

Students use their developing investigative skills to begin to compare systems. They examine cause and effect and ask what is a fact and what is an opinion. They are primarily exploring more complex systems in a more complex manner, such as the changes of earth systems over time.

Essential Question:

How do we investigate cause and effect in the earth system over time?

Investigative Skills:

Determining cause and effect; comparing and contrasting; recognizing fact and opinion; and synthesizing

Reading

In fourth grade, students read skillfully with meaning and purpose using appropriate comprehension and vocabulary strategies.  Students read, discuss, reflect, and respond, using evidence from text, to a wide variety of literary genres and informational text.  Students read for pleasure and continue to choose books based on personal preference, topic, theme, or author. 

Writing

In fourth grade, students write for a range of purposes, including describing, telling a story, and explaining. They are able to produce writing that goes beyond the formulaic. Because they are aware of the interdependence of the topic, audience, purpose, and form, they are able to select and sometimes adapt basic forms to meet specific requirements. Their understanding and use of figurative language introduces imagery to their writing. Informational writing reflects understanding of specific purpose, often requiring gathering and synthesizing information from a number of resources to express and justify an opinion. Students are more aware of the conventions of writing as they reflect on their strengths and weaknesses and strive to improve.

 

 


 

 

Math

Science

Reading

Writing

Gr. 5

(click here for link to state web info.)

In fifth grade, students become proficient using non-negative rational numbers to solve problems.  They apply procedures to measure a variety of geometric figures and collect, display, and analyze data.  Students examine the basis of probability, and also the mean.  They solve problems involving area and perimeter and further develop algebraic sense through variable expressions and open sentences. 

 

Students become more sophisticated in their analysis of the interconnections within systems. When investigating, students use data to support their conclusions and logical arguments. They begin to determine factors that contribute to scientific bias.

Essential Question

How do we investigate cause and effect in the earth system over time?

Investigative Skills: Data analysis, detecting scientific bias, and inquiry skills

 

In fifth grade, students broaden and deepen their understanding of informational and literary text.  Students reflect on their skills and adjust their comprehension and vocabulary strategies to become better readers.  Students discuss, reflect, and respond, using evidence from text, to a wide variety of literary genres and informational text.  Students read for pleasure, choosing books based on personal preference, topic, genre, theme or author.

 

In fifth grade, students have developed a strong personal voice in their writing. This is demonstrated by the way they sometimes inject humor into their narratives and how they add emphasis or opinion into informational and persuasive writing. Students use precise, specialized vocabulary appropriately in content-area writing. They experiment with sentence length and complex sentence structures and vary leads and endings. Collaborative writing efforts are taken seriously, often with assigned responsibilities and checklists. Scoring guides, often student-initiated, provide criteria for critiquing their own work and that of others. These guides are often detailed, addressing content, organization, style, and conventions.

 


 

 

Math

Science

Reading

Writing

Gr. 6

(click here for link to state web info.)

In sixth grade, students begin developing their understanding of negative numbers with the introduction of integers.  Students also begin working with other representations of rational numbers.  They examine the concept of volume, as well as collect, analyze, display and interpret data, using a variety of graphical and statistical methods.  They find the probability of events and analyze numerical and geometric patterns.  Students also develop an understanding of algebraic terms and solve algebraic equations in one variable.

 

Students become more like scientists in their thinking and their investigations. They learn how to identify the problems and generate questions that can be answered scientifically. They learn the importance of sound investigative practices. Students begin to apply their understandings to designing solutions to real world problems.

Essential Question:

How do scientists use investigation to solve real problems in my community?

Investigative Skills:

Designing solutions, decision making, and hypothesizing.

 

In sixth grade, students are aware of the author’s craft.  They are able to adjust their purpose, pace and strategies according to difficulty and/or type of text.  Students continue to reflect on their skills and adjust their comprehension and vocabulary strategies to become better readers.  Students discuss, reflect, and respond, using evidence from text, to a wide variety of literary genres and informational text.  Students read for pleasure and choose books based on personal preference, topic, genre, theme, or author.

 

In sixth grade, students approach writing with purpose and maintain their focus. They use form, content, technique, and conventions flexibly to meet their own purposes or assignment requirements. Competence is evident in skills of paragraphing, summarizing, and synthesizing in exposition, persuasion, and content-area writing, whereas fiction writing reflects an awareness of its role to entertain, explore human relationships, and persuade. Students work toward precision in spelling in all writing and evaluate honestly both their own work and the work of others, making a concerted effort to improve weak traits. Students consider writing to be an important and effective tool for furthering their own learning.

 

 

 

 

Source: OSPI K-10 Grade Level Expectations

 

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